There is no universal Internet Freedom legislation or code. Therefore each country applies its own rules and regulations regarding Internet Freedom and Privacy. The Council of Europe recently put forward an Internet governance system to shape an Internet “based on Human rights, pluralist democracy and the rule of law” as a response to recent violations of Internet Freedom and Privacy. The Council of Europe sought to ensure the online protection of Europeans web users and the respect of their inherent human rights.

On June 12, 2013, the Council of Europe had alerted European governenments on violations of privacy. The Council recorded risks of digital tracking, surveillance and violations of freedom of expression and freedom of the media. The Council’s commissioner for human rights, Mr. Thomas Hammarberg calls for active action from the United Nations.

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